What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

PCOS ia s hormonal condition that women can get during their child bearing years. It causes problems with your period, fertility, weight and skin.
Missed, irregular, infrequent or prolonged periods
Excess androgens can cause hair loss, hair in places you don’t want it and acne.
Darkened skin or excess skin on the neck or in the armpits
Mood changes
Pelvic pain
Weight gain
Causes –
The cause is unknown, you might be more likely to have PCOS if your sister or mother also has it. It could also be related to problems that make your body produce too much insulin which can affect your ovaries and their ability to ovulate.
Diagnosis –
After a good history and physical examinations, the following investigations can be carried out;
Hormone level, FBS, Cholesterol level and ultrasound scan.
PCOS treatment –
Treatment will depend on the patients symptoms, age and whether you want to become pregnant.
If a patient is overweight losing even 5% to 10% of weight can make the patient feel better.
The Diabetes drug metformin can be given to lower insulin resistance, regulate ovulation and help with weight loss.
For those not planning to get pregnant, hormonal birth control like the pill can be given. These medications can help lower the risk of endometrial cancer, get the period back on track, clear up acne and lesser extra body hair.
For those who want to get pregnant, fertility medications can help their ovaries release eggs.

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